1. In-situ bioremediation: In this process, the bioremediation takes place in the subsurface like the groundwater or soil. Some advantages of this type are lower costs, total elimination of the contaminants, and lower risk factor to those around it. This is also less invasive with limited human involvement. That said, the surrounding environment can impact the ability to transform the hazardous materials, and it hast to be monitored closely and consistently.
2. Ex-situ bioremediation: An alternative to in-situ, this process puts the tainted soil in above-ground treatment area and eliminates contaminants using the indigenous microbial population. The result is ideally water and carbon dioxide. Oxygen is a very important part of this process as it is key to the growth of the good bacteria, so the excavation methods are therefore that much more important. This method has proven time and again to be effective but is not as versatile as it may not work on certain metals and soils.
The effect of lead poisoning to humans, animals and the environment is well documented and costly. Protecting wet lands and water bodies from shooting range activities is a good investment because it saves lives, the environment and many dollars in the long run. Lead contamination of water and wet lands can come either from direct shooting over the area or via drain-off near the shooting range. Animals, such as birds, mistake the shot for food and ingest it. This directly introduces the lead into the food chain.
The effect of lead on animals has been devastating. Frogs and other amphibians are often first to exhibit symptoms due to the permeable nature of their skin. Malformations, illness and death are often seen in lead exposed amphibians. When lead is present in their environment, birds develop "drooping wings", digestive or neurological issues.
In some cases, the lead can fall into the sediment and over time, seep into the ground water supply. MT2 utilizes their proprietary lead treatment technology called ECOBOND® to protect the sensitive natural environment to free lead from sediments in wetlands around firing ranges.
The Investment Is Worth It
The toll on the environment and wildlife alone are well worth the investment. However, not cleaning it up can cost a fortune. A recent lawsuit in Illinois against a gun club for lead contamination of a creek could have cost $18 million in fees. MT2 can save up to 30%-50% on the cost of the abatement project. The investment in an MT2 lead abatement project is a much wiser choice than the alternative of EPA fees, legal fees and long-term health costs for people exposed to lead.
Protecting Wet Lands and Water Bodies from Shooting Range Activities Through a Lead Reclamation Process
There is very little doubt that the lead produced by firing ranges is valuable. The average firing range uses 25,000 to 500,000 pounds of lead. Unfortunately, owners of firing ranges located near wetlands and water bodies often mistakenly believe that the valuable lead is un-retrievable. MT2, the nation's #1 firing range maintenance & lead reclamation company, has recently proven this is a not true. MT2 takes protecting wet lands and water bodies from shooting range activities seriously. They have a patented a technique to retrieve the lead without harming the eco-system of the water bodies and surrounding fauna.